Technical Layout

Anchors

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Anchors on Bismarck & Tirpitz
Fore Anchor Aft Anchor
Weight Fore Anchor Weight Aft Anchor
12 metric tonnes 9 metric tonnes
Number of Anchors on Bismarck & Tirpitz Number of Anchors on Bismarck & Tirpitz
3 1
Type of Anchor
The type of anchor used on Bismarck and Tirpitz, as well as other warships, is called navy anchor. This is the traditional style of anchor, also known as a Hall anchor. The stock is made to fold flat against the shank for easy storage. Navy anchors work well in rocky bottoms and will also penetrate easily through weeds.
Location of Anchors on Bismarck & Tirpitz
Port bow anchor Starboard bow anchor
Stem anchor (spare anchor) Stern anchor (port side)
Removal of the Stem Anchor on Bismarck Removal of the Stem Anchor on Tirpitz
The stem (spare) anchor on Bismarck was removed from the ship in spring 1941 before it went out on Operation "Rheinübung". This in order to save weight and fuel. So at the time Bismarck was sunk the stem anchor was no longer on the ship. The stem (spare) anchor on Tirpitz was disconnected from the ship in Kaafjord, Norway on 22. September 1943 during the British X-Craft midget submarine attack against her. Tirpitz's stem anchor was at that time in use and, in order to quickly move the ship away from possible charges placed under the ship, the decission was made to "cut" the anchor chain. It is expected that Tirpitz's stem anchor still is at the bottom of Kaafjord near Alta in Norway. So at the time Tirpitz was sunk the stem anchor was no longer on the ship.
Photo Gallery
Photo of starboard bow anchor taken during fitting out at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 1940.
Another view of the starboard bow anchor taken during fitting out at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 1940.
Stem anchor details on Bismarck during fitting out at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 1940.
Stem anchor details on Bismarck during fitting out at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 1940.
Here the port side anchor chain is connected to the stem (spare) anchor. Photo shows Tirpitz during her sea trials in the Baltic Sea in 1941.
Here the starboard side anchor chain is connected to the stem (spare) anchor. Photo shows Tirpitz in March 1941 during her sea trials.
This photo shows the default setup regarding the anchor chains. Port side capstan and anchor chain is connected to the port bow anchor and likewise the starboard side capstan and anchor chain is connected to the starboard bow anchor. Photo shows Bismarck at anchor during her sea trials period in the Baltic Sea in 1941.
Bismarck's bow and stem anchors. Photo taken during fitting out at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg in 1940. The stem anchor was a spare anchor.
Bismarck's stern anchor. Photo taken during fitting out at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg in 1940.
Tirpitz's stern anchor. Photo taken during sea trials in 1941.


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